The Balsam fir is a native evergreen well adapted to the cold climates of the northern United States. It is known for its shiny green color and especially its spicy fragrance. The needles have a broad circular base, blunt on the tip, and are usually dark green on the upper surface, and silvery on the lower surface. The species thrives in cooler climates and demands abundant soil moisture. Growth is best in well-drained, sandy loam soils that are somewhat acidic. Seeds attract wildlife such as grouse and squirrels. White tail deer eat the foliage and use stands for cover. Good for a specimen tree or property screens.