Birch Varieties

River Birch

  • Zone: 3-4
  • Height: 50 feet
  • Width: 35 feet
  • Growth rate: 2-2.5 feet/year
  • Bark: Salmon colored, peeling
  • Water: medium
  • Sun: full sun to part shade
  • Fall Color: yellow to burgundy
  • Tolerance: Bronze birch borer, wet well drained soils
  • River birch is a showy specimen tree known for its exfoliating bark. It is often planted in clumps of between 2-4 individuals. Lateral branches are dark in color, which create a pyramidal to oval shaped crown. Its prominent attraction is the salmon/brown peeling bark, which provides year round interest in the landscape. Leaves emerge green in the spring and turn to yellow in the fall. Flowers and fruits are brown and inconspicuous, causing no significant litter. The tree prefers acid soils or it can become chlorotic. This is a good choice for an ornamental specimen tree in the landscape.

    Whitespire Birch

  • Zone: 3 to 6
  • Height: 20.00 to 40.00 feet
  • Spread: 10.00 to 20.00 feet
  • Bloom Time: April
  • Bloom Description: Yellow brown (male), Green (female)
  • Sun: Full sun to part shade
  • Water: Medium to wet
  • Fall Color: Yellow
  • Maintenance: High
  • Other: Winter Interest
  • Tolerate: Deer